The second section of article 22 of the LSSI establishes:
Service providers may use data storage and retrieval devices on recipients’ terminal equipment, provided that they have given their consent after they have been provided with clear and complete information on their use, in particular, on the Data processing purposes, in accordance with the provisions of Organic Law 15/1999, of December 13, on the Protection of Personal Data.
When it is technically possible and effective, the consent of the recipient to accept the treatment of the data may be provided by using the appropriate parameters of the browser or other applications, provided that the recipient must proceed with its configuration during its installation or update through an action. express to that effect.
The foregoing shall not prevent the possible storage or access of a technical nature for the sole purpose of carrying out the transmission of a communication over an electronic communications network or, insofar as it is strictly necessary, for the provision of an information society service. expressly requested by the recipient.
Cookies used for any of the following purposes are exempt from compliance with the obligations established in article 22.2 of the LSSI:
- Allow only communication between the user’s equipment and the network.
- Strictly provide a service expressly requested by the user.
In this sense, the Working Group of Article 29 in its Opinion 4/20123 has interpreted that among the excepted cookies would be those that are intended to:
- “User input” cookies
- User authentication or identification cookies (session only)
- User security cookies
- Media player session cookies
- Session cookies to balance the load
- User interface customization cookies
- Complement cookies (plug-in) to exchange social content
Thus, it can be understood that these cookies are excluded from the scope of application of article 22.2 of the LSSI, and therefore, it would not be necessary to inform or obtain consent on their use.
On the contrary, it will be necessary to inform and obtain consent for the installation and use of any other type of cookies, both first and third party, session or persistent, being subject to the scope of article 22.2 of the LSSI and, on which the guidance in this guide will be useful.
The cookies used by the website are only associated with an anonymous user and their computer, and do not themselves provide the user’s personal data.
Types of cookies
Depending on the duration that remains stored in the client’s browser, a distinction is made between session cookies or persistent cookies.
There is another classification with five types of cookies according to the purpose for which the data obtained is processed, they are technical cookies, personalization cookies, analysis cookies, advertising cookies and behavioral advertising cookies.
Finally, depending on the entity that manages the domain from which the cookies are sent and processes the data obtained, there are own cookies and third-party cookies.
Types of cookies we use according to the duration
- Session cookies: They are a type of cookies designed to collect and store data while the user accesses a web page. They are usually used to store information that is only interested in keeping for the provision of the service requested by the user on a single occasion (for example, a list of products purchased).
- Persistent cookies: They are a type of cookies in which the data is still stored in the terminal and can be accessed and processed during a period defined by the person responsible for the cookie. (e.g. remember the user’s preferences for a particular website, allowing their use in future browsing sessions, such as language selection, menu preferences, among others).
Types of cookies we use according to their purpose
- Technical cookies: These are those that allow the user to navigate through a web page, platform or application and use the different options or services that exist in it. (For example, identify the session, access parts of restricted access, remember the elements that make up an order, make a request for registration or participation in an event,among others)
- Analysis cookies: These are those that allow the person responsible for them to monitor and analyze the behavior of the users of the websites to which they are linked. The information collected by means of this type of cookies is used to measure the activity of the websites, application or platform and for the elaboration of navigation profiles of the users of said sites, applications and platforms, in order to introduce improvements in function of the analysis of the usage data made by the users of the service. (e.g. visit statistics such as Google Analytics or similar)
Types of cookies we use according to the entity that manages them
- Own cookies: These are those that are sent to the user’s terminal equipment from a computer or domain managed by the editor itself and from which the service requested by the user is provided. (e.g. the identification of the user session on a web page)
- Third-party cookies: These are those that are sent to the user’s terminal equipment from a computer or domain that is not managed by the editor, but by another entity that processes the data obtained through the cookies. (e.g. the advertiser of a banner that is on a web page, the box of followers of a social network on a web page, among others)
The list of cookies on this website
Although for technical reasons the specific names of each cookie could vary, these are the ones that are commonly used:
- Wp _ * _ session: technical session cookies for the user to view the page, necessary for its proper functioning. It collects session data both for the WordPress program or for the plugins used on the web. Many times its use may not be activated or it is not detected by browsers if you are not registered as a user on the web.
- _icl_current_language: session cookie that determines and maintains the language chosen by the user.
- _ga: third-party analysis cookie (Google analytics) that collects anonymous information to calculate the statistics on the use of the page, distinguishing the users who access it. They generate an anonymous user ID, which is used to count how many times a user visits the site. It also records when was the first and last time you visited the web.Likewise, it calculates when a session has ended, the origin of the user, and keywords.
- _gat: third-party analysis cookie (Google analytics) that collects anonymous information to calculate usage statistics. Stores data on request speed. Expires after 10 minutes.
- _gid: third-party analysis cookie (Google analytics) that collects anonymous information to calculate page usage statistics, distinguishing users who access it. Stores a value for each page visited.
- NID: third-party analysis cookie (DoubleClick belonging to Google) that collects anonymous information for the calculation of usage statistics regarding the ads made on the AdWords platform. In our case, about the advertisements we make on said platform to attract traffic to our website.
However, users who do not want to receive cookies, want to delete them or want to be informed before they are stored on their computer, can deactivate or delete these cookies by configuring their Internet browser to be notified of the receipt of cookies and to prevent their installation. on your computer.